Frontline Therapy

Clare's Research

OCULAR-MOTOR FUNCTION: THE EFFECT OF OSTEOPATHIC MANUAL THERAPY IN RELATION TO FUNCTIONAL BALANCE

Osteopathic Manual Therapy is a healing art that applies the knowledge of the structure and function of the body as it relates to all diseases, disorders and dysfunctions. It recognizes that the body is an intrinsically self-healing, self-regulating, and self- correcting organism and works on a principal that physical imbalances and strains can impair the ability of the body to maintain itself in a state of health.

Osteopathic Manual Therapists use their hands to provide a gentle approach, consistent with the osteopathic philosophy, to identify the cause of the problem and restore order to all of the systems includingmusculoskeletal, respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, reproductive, and nervous system.

The researcher, Clare Logan, completed this after finishing five years post-graduate studies for Diploma of Osteopathic Manual Practice. The purpose of the study was to assess the effects of Osteopathic Manual Therapy (OMT) treatments on the Ocular-Motor Function and its relationship with functional balance. This relationship was measured by using the HUR-BT4 balance board, which measures the centre of pressure (CoP) as a total trace length. This trace length measured how the CoP shifted during the thirty seconds (30-sec) as the subject completed each task. This measurement provides the trace length known as postural or body sway and is calculated in millimetres (mm). A number, defined by the summation of all straight segments connecting points which follow in a succession are a separate timber one-fifth of a second (1/5th-sec) for the total distance traveled. As a RCT study the subject where allocated to either control or experimental group, with twenty-five-subjects (25) enrolled in each of the control and experimental group for a total of fifty-subjects (50).

Each subject completed ten (10) different balance stance protocols tests composed of the three (3) different balance stance positions and two (2) different visual tests. The data collected for the double leg balance stance protocol looking at a stationary object scores at Test three (3), after adjusting for Test one (1) results in average difference between control and experimental group of thirty point ninety-eight (30.98) points on the balance stance with the experimental group achieving better balance score (p-value = 0.083; 95% confidence interval: -66.20, 4.24). Although this difference was not statistically significant, it equates to an average of ten percent (10%) difference in balance scores, which is close to statical significant and may be clinically meaningful. The result of this study and associated p-values are influenced by many factors, such as sample size, variability in balance scores, and study designed. This research study was exploratory in nature by testing a new idea regarding how to test and research the relationship between the ocular-motor system and balance, while looking at a random moving object.

If you would like more information about this research please contact Clare Logan at Frontlinetherapy@gmail.com

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